Title: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COLLECTIVE
SECURITY IN THE ERA OF INTIMIDATION: AN APPRAISAL OF
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Authors: Aboh, James Ajang & Otora, Osmond Agbor
Volume:2 Issue: 1
Aboh, James Ajang & Otora, Osmond Agbor
Department of History and International Studies
University of Calabar, Calabar
MLA 8 Ajang, Aboh, James, and Otora, Osmond Agbor. "INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COLLECTIVE SECURITY IN THE ERA OF INTIMIDATION: AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2018, pp. 1-12, journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=1. Accessed 2018.
APA Ajang, A., & Agbor, O. (2018, January). INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COLLECTIVE SECURITY IN THE ERA OF INTIMIDATION: AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Int. J. Arts&Humanities, 2(1), 1-12. Retrieved from http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=1
Chicago Ajang, Aboh, James, and Otora, Osmond Agbor. "INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COLLECTIVE SECURITY IN THE ERA OF INTIMIDATION: AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 1 (January 2018), 1-12. Accessed , 2018. http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=1.
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Keywords: International Organizations; Threats; Collective Security; Interwar Years;
Abstract: The paper examines international organizations as a framework of collective security with
reference to League of Nations and argues that the failure of the League of Nations had two
important dimensions: (1) The failure to provide adequate security guarantee for its members
(like an alliance), thus encouraging more aggressive policies especially by the authoritarian
states and leading to an arms race; (2) The failure of the League to achieve the disarmament
goals it set out in the 1920s and 1930s, such as imposition of military spending constraints.
Anchored on the theory of realism, it is indicated that the political and economic turmoil of the
interwar years including the aggregate weakness of the League to enforce its covenant were
adequately explored by Japan and Germany to further their expansionist tendencies. The analysis
further show that, the failure of the League of Nations to properly address issues of threats to
international peace and security suggests that, the weaknesses were implanted at its formative
stage. Indeed, a careful understanding of the military rivalries, regime changes, and, ultimately,
the outbreak of World War II point to the fact that the League failed to provide credible security
guarantees before and during the interwar period.
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