Title: DETERMINANTS OF FINANCIAL CHALLENGES IN FUNCTIONING
OF MIDDLE LEVEL COLLEGES IN NYANDARUA, KENYA
Authors: ANN NJAMBI MUGO
Volume:2 Issue: 3
ANN NJAMBI MUGO
LECTURER, JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY
MLA 8 MUGO, ANN NJAMBI. "DETERMINANTS OF FINANCIAL CHALLENGES IN FUNCTIONING OF MIDDLE LEVEL COLLEGES IN NYANDARUA, KENYA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 3, Mar. 2018, pp. 163-172, ijah.org/more2018.php?id=11. Accessed 2018.
APA MUGO, A. (2018, March). DETERMINANTS OF FINANCIAL CHALLENGES IN FUNCTIONING OF MIDDLE LEVEL COLLEGES IN NYANDARUA, KENYA. Int. J. Arts&Humanities, 2(3), 163-172. Retrieved from ijah.org/more2018.php?id=11
Chicago MUGO, ANN NJAMBI. "DETERMINANTS OF FINANCIAL CHALLENGES IN FUNCTIONING OF MIDDLE LEVEL COLLEGES IN NYANDARUA, KENYA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 3 (March 2018), 163-172. Accessed , 2018. ijah.org/more2018.php?id=11.
References . Chaharbaghi, K., & Lynch, R. (1999). Sustainable competitive advantage: towards a dynamic
resource-based strategy. Management Decision, 37(1), 45-50.
. Districts. UNESCO Nairobi: UNESCO.
. Education International (EI) (2009). Education for All by 2015. Retrieved on November 24,
2015 from http://www.ei-ie.org/docs/IRISDocuments/Education/
. Girdwood, A. (1999). Tertiary education policy in Ghana. An assessment: 1988-1998. Report for
the World Bank.
. Jung, J., Horta, H., & Yonezawa, A. (2018). Introduction: Higher Education Research as a Field
of Study in Asia. In Researching Higher Education in Asia (pp. 1-11). Springer, Singapore.
. Kimberlin, C.L., & Winterstein, A.G. (2008). Research fundamentals. Am J Health-Syst Pharm,
. Kothari, C.R. (2008). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Delhi, India: New
Age International Publishers.
. Malaj, A., Mema, F., & Hida, S. (2005). Albania monetary management in the education system:
Higher education. Working Paper No. 54. Bamberg: Bamberg Economic Research Group on
Government and Growth.
. Neil, S.S., & Turner, S. (2002). Back to school - Federal student aid policy and adult college
. UNESCO (2005). Challenges of Implementing Free Primary; Experience from the Districts.
UNESCO Nairobi: UNESCO.
Abstract: The function of education is to have better tomorrow and think intensively. There are various
levels in education starting from early childhood, primary, secondary, and higher education
levels. The higher education levels consist of colleges and universities. The purpose of this paper
is to present a literature review to examine the association between tuition fees and functioning
of middle level colleges in Kenya. The middle level colleges are institutions which are set aside
for the students who do not qualify to join universities due to poor performance or lack of
requisites fees required in universities. The primary goal of this study was to investigate on how
the tuition fees affect the function of middle level colleges. Tertiary colleges are normally faces
financial challenges that lead them to unable to operate. This impeded this study which sought
to evaluate the financial challenges in functioning of the middle level colleges. The study sought
to establish the tuition fees on functioning of the middle level colleges. The study was carried out
amongst middle level colleges in Nyandarua County, Kenya whereby the Competitive advantage
theory of capital structure guided the study. The study targeted a population of 89 employees of
these institutions. A descriptive research design and a census survey were used. A questionnaire
to collect primary data and Statistical Package for Social Sciences software for data analysis was
employed in this study. Inferential and Descriptive analyses we e duly conducted. The findings
signified that tuition fees affect operations of middle level colleges strongly and positively and
that the relationship between the two assembles is statistically significant (r = 0.572; p < 0.01).
The study ended with conclusion that the role played by tuition fees in the Operations of middle
level colleges cannot be assumed. It is recommended that the management of middle level
colleges should consider that the tuition fees charged on students are in tandem with the parents'
capacity to cater for the same and the programmes offered.
The Journal of Arts and Humanities Inviting Papers/Articles for Current Issue Volume 3 Issue 3 March 2019.
Submit your Paper through Online Submission System. Authors also can Send Paper to firstname.lastname@example.org ....... Impact Factor: 2.072
Editor in Chief IJAH
To Join our Editorial Board send your C.V. to email@example.com