Title: SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A
PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER
DELTA OF NIGERIA
Authors: AKAK, EKANEM ETIM; ABOH, JAMES AJANG
Volume:2 Issue: 1
AKAK, EKANEM ETIM; ABOH, JAMES AJANG
Department of History and International Studies
University of Calabar, Calabar
MLA 8 ETIM, AKAK, EKANEM, and ABOH, JAMES AJANG. "SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2018, pp. 13-24, journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2. Accessed 2018.
APA ETIM, A., & AJANG, A. (2018, January). SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA. Int. J. Arts&Humanities, 2(1), 13-24. Retrieved from http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2
Chicago ETIM, AKAK, EKANEM, and ABOH, JAMES AJANG. "SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 1 (January 2018), 13-24. Accessed , 2018. http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2.
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Abstract: Security connotes the prioritization and provision of necessary human needs such as economic,
political, health, food security and environmental to the citizens in free society that is defined
and backed by the rule of law. This paper observed that since the discovery of crude oil and
subsequent exploration and exploitation in the Delta region of Nigeria, the region has not known
peace due to environmental pollution by the multinational companies carrying out businesses and
lack of development commensurate to the volume of money generated from the area. These
issues have generated a lot of tension with attendant effect of lost of human and material
resources resulting from militant groups embracing violence against the state. Violent
confrontation and other crimes such as, kidnapping, pipeline vandalism and hostage taking for
ransom became more pronounced with the introduction of democracy in 1999. This is in protest
against the state of deprivation, marginalization, hopelessness and squalor in the Niger Delta as a
byproduct of leadership failure by successive administrations in Nigeria. In finding solutions to
the protracted instability in the region, a lot of interest groups, activists, intellectuals and indeed
government have reeled out different propositions and ways out for an entrenched sustainable
peace and development. This study is one of such effort using security management with a null
hypothesis that harps on no significant relationship between democratic society and the rise in
armed conflict in the Niger Delta, with theoretical framework that centers on Ted Gurr's
psychological frustration-aggression theory to examine the heart of men and women of Niger
Delta, and the reason they are disenchanted with Nigerian government and policies of
multinational companies towards them, the utility and justifiability of increase in armed conflict
in Niger Delta in a democratic dispensations.
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