Title: SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A
PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER
DELTA OF NIGERIA
Authors: AKAK, EKANEM ETIM; ABOH, JAMES AJANG
Volume:2 Issue: 1
AKAK, EKANEM ETIM; ABOH, JAMES AJANG
Department of History and International Studies
University of Calabar, Calabar
MLA 8 ETIM, AKAK, EKANEM, and ABOH, JAMES AJANG. "SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2018, pp. 13-24, journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2. Accessed 2018.
APA ETIM, A., & AJANG, A. (2018, January). SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA. Int. J. Arts&Humanities, 2(1), 13-24. Retrieved from http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2
Chicago ETIM, AKAK, EKANEM, and ABOH, JAMES AJANG. "SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: A PANACEA FOR RESOLVING ARMED CONFLICT IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 1 (January 2018), 13-24. Accessed , 2018. http://journal-ijah.org/more2018.php?id=2.
References . Ate B. and Akindele R.( ed) (2001) Beyond Conflict Resolution: Managing African Security,
Vintage publisher, Ibandan, Nigeria. P75-82 and 160-167.
. Bassey O. and Oshita O(ed.), (2007), Conflict Resolution, Identity Crisis and Development in
Africa, Malthouse Press Limited, 43 Onitana, Lagos, Nigeria. P243-249.
. Beyond Intractability (2016),Why Men Rebel, http://www.beyondintractability.org/bksum/gurrmen.
. Bob O, and O . Oshita, (2007), Conflict, Equity and Resource Capture in Africa: the Nigerian
Experience in Conflict Resolution, Identity Crisis and Development in Africa, Malthouse Press
Limited, 43 Onitana, Lagos, Nigeria. P243-249.
. Doris Bekoe (2005) Strategies for Peace in Niger Delta, https//www.usip.org>2005/12>
. Don Hubert, (2001) Human Security: Safety for People in A Changing World: In Beyond
Conflict Resolution: Managing African Security In the 21st Centuury, edited by R.A Akindele
and Bassey E. Ate, Nigerian Institute of International Affairs 13/17 Kofo Abayomi Road,
Victoria Island, G.O.P Box 1727, Lagos. P163.
. E-International Relations (2011), Why Men Rebel Redux: How Valid are its Arguments 40 Years
On? Http://www.e-ir.info/2011/11/17/why-men-rebel-redux-how-valid-are...p 1-5
. Eteng E, Ikpeme, Usang and Nya John (2015), The Niger Delta Oil Rich Region: The Paradox of
Fascination and Horror: In Academic journal Interdisciplinary published by MCSER
Publishing, Rome-Italy. P 177-122
. Igbuzor O. (2006) A Review of Niger Delta Development Report; Niger Delta Human
Development Report, United Nations Development Program, Abuja.
. Jude O. and Kingsley Nnorom (2015), Identity Crisis and Challenge of Peace Building in
Wukari-Nigeria in Academic Journal Interdisciplinary published by MCSER Publihing, RomeItaly.
. Madunagu E, Biodun J, etal (ed.) (2006) Understanding Nigeria and the New Imperialism,
Essays 200-2006, Clear Lines Publications, 12 Bassey Duke Street, Calabar. P560-561.
. Wiki summary, the social science summary database (2016), Why men Rebel
Odu R. E. (2008), Resource Control: Legal Right of the Niger Delta of Nigeria? Published by
Lagos University Press, Akoka-Yaba, Nigeria. P86-87.
. Ogaba O, Democratistion and the Management of African Security (2001) In Beyond Conflict
Resolution: Managing African Security In the 21st Centuury, edited by R.A Akindele and Bassey
E. Ate, Nigerian Institute of International Affairs 13/17 Kofo Abayomi Road, Victoria Island,
G.O.P Box 1727, Lagos. P163.
. See http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/08/n96-trillion-revenue.niger_ P1-34
. Volker C. and Robert H. (ed.)(2013) Conflict Management and Peace Building : Pillars of a
New American Grand Strategy, Strategic Studies Institute and United States Army War College
Abstract: Security connotes the prioritization and provision of necessary human needs such as economic,
political, health, food security and environmental to the citizens in free society that is defined
and backed by the rule of law. This paper observed that since the discovery of crude oil and
subsequent exploration and exploitation in the Delta region of Nigeria, the region has not known
peace due to environmental pollution by the multinational companies carrying out businesses and
lack of development commensurate to the volume of money generated from the area. These
issues have generated a lot of tension with attendant effect of lost of human and material
resources resulting from militant groups embracing violence against the state. Violent
confrontation and other crimes such as, kidnapping, pipeline vandalism and hostage taking for
ransom became more pronounced with the introduction of democracy in 1999. This is in protest
against the state of deprivation, marginalization, hopelessness and squalor in the Niger Delta as a
byproduct of leadership failure by successive administrations in Nigeria. In finding solutions to
the protracted instability in the region, a lot of interest groups, activists, intellectuals and indeed
government have reeled out different propositions and ways out for an entrenched sustainable
peace and development. This study is one of such effort using security management with a null
hypothesis that harps on no significant relationship between democratic society and the rise in
armed conflict in the Niger Delta, with theoretical framework that centers on Ted Gurr's
psychological frustration-aggression theory to examine the heart of men and women of Niger
Delta, and the reason they are disenchanted with Nigerian government and policies of
multinational companies towards them, the utility and justifiability of increase in armed conflict
in Niger Delta in a democratic dispensations.
The Journal of Arts and Humanities Inviting Papers/Articles for Current Issue Volume 3 Issue 3 March 2019.
Submit your Paper through Online Submission System. Authors also can Send Paper to firstname.lastname@example.org ....... Impact Factor: 2.072
Editor in Chief IJAH
To Join our Editorial Board send your C.V. to email@example.com