International Journal of Arts and Humanities
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Fredrick Ruguma TUMWINE; Hosea OPEDES; George TUNANUKYE; Jennifar TUMUSHABE

Volume:2 Issue: 1

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1Fredrick Ruguma TUMWINE; 1Hosea OPEDES; 2George TUNANUKYE; 3 Jennifar TUMUSHABE
1Department of Geography, Geo-informatics & Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Box 7062 Kampala Uganda
2Kamwenge Bee Keepers Cooperative Society (KABECOS)
3Kyabwanswa Rural Integrated Farming Systems (KRIFS)

TUMWINE, Fredrick Ruguma, et al. "IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS THROUGH BEE FARMING IN KAMWENGE DISTRICT, WESTERN UGANDA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2018, pp. 25-54, Accessed 2018.
TUMWINE, Fredrick Ruguma, Hosea OPEDES, George TUNANUKYE, and Jennifar TUMUSHABE. "IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS THROUGH BEE FARMING IN KAMWENGE DISTRICT, WESTERN UGANDA." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 1 (January 2018), 25-54. Accessed , 2018.

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bee farming, livelihoods, poverty reduction, population growth, training

Bee farming is one of the livelihood activities being encouraged for poverty reduction in Kamwenge district. Despite the bimodal rainfall and moderate temperatures that have culminated to dense natural vegetation and a variety of crops being grown that encourage forage for the bees, apiary is still in infancy. The objective of the paper was to examine the loopholes in bee farming and suggest measures of promoting the activity as one of the strategies in improving livelihoods of the farmers in Kamwenge district. This paper mainly utilizes data derived from a survey that was conducted in January 2017 by interviewing 601 respondents (312 bee farmers and 289 non bee farmers). The main challenges in bee farming included: pests, thieves, environmental destruction, lack of training, lack of protective gears, shortage of modern hives, land shortage and climate change among others. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that land acreage followed by income were the main factors affecting bee farming in the district. The authors recommend that training of the farmers be prioritized as this has multiplier effects in solving other problems. Farmers neighboring Kibale Forest National Park and Kakasi- Kitomi forest reserve should be encouraged to practice bee farming. As a long term measure to reduce poverty in the district, the authors recommend vigorous campaign for modern family planning methods to reduce the high population growth in the district.

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