International Journal of Arts and Humanities
Submit Paper


Dott.ssa Roberta Monteleone

Volume:2 Issue: 9

|| ||

Dott.ssa Roberta Monteleone
University of Genoa Dott.ssa Mary Ellen Toffle, University of Messina

Monteleone, Dott.ssa Roberta. "GLOBAL SECURITY STRATEGY: THE CASE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION." Int. J. Arts&Humanities, vol. 2, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 506-540, Accessed Sept. 2018.
Monteleone, D. (2018, September). GLOBAL SECURITY STRATEGY: THE CASE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Int. J. Arts&Humanities, 2(9), 506-540. Retrieved from
Monteleone, Dott.ssa Roberta. "GLOBAL SECURITY STRATEGY: THE CASE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION." Int. J. Arts&Humanities 2, no. 9 (September 2018), 506-540. Accessed September, 2018.

[1]. Altafin C., Haasz V. (2017). Podstawa K., The new Global Strategy for the EU's Foreign and Security Policy at a time of human rights crises, Sage Journals.
[2]. Amouyel A. (2006)."What is Human Security?", Revue de Securite Humaine/ Human Security Journal.
[3]. Ashiagbor D. (2012). Countouris, N., Lianos, J., The European Union After the Treaty of Lisbon, Cambridge University Press.
[4]. Baun J., M. (2018). An Imperfect Union; The Maastricht Treaty And The New Politics Of European Integration, New York, Routledge.
[5]. Bellamy A., J. (2010). The Responsibility to Protect-Five Years On, Ethics & International Affairs. Berend I., T. (2016). The History of European Integration: A new perspective,
[6]. Taylor & Francis Ltd. Bretherton C., Vogler, J. (2005). The European Union as a Global Actor. Routledge: London.
[7]. Betts R. (2012). American Force: Dangers, Delusions, and Dilemmas in National Security, New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 232- 265.
[8]. Bini O., Santaniello, R. (2009). Storia dell'integrazione europea, edizione il Mulino, pp.25-31. Biscop S. (2016). All or nothing? The EU Global Strategy and defence policy after the Brexit, Contemporary Security Policy, 37:3, 431-445, Routledge.
[9]. Biscop S. (2016). The European Security Strategy: A Global Agenda for Positive Power, Routledge. Biscop S. (2008). The Lisbon Treaty and ESDP: Transformation and Integration, Academia Press.
[10]. Bilmes L., Stiglitz, J. (2008). The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict, W. W. Norton & Company, First edition.
[11]. Bouchard C., Peterson, J., Tocci, N. (2014). Multilateralism in the 21st Century: Europe's Quest for Effectiveness, Routledge.
[12]. Bronstone A. (2018). European Security into the Twenty-First Century; Beyond Traditional Theories of International Relations, Routledge, London.
[13]. Browning C., S., Joenniemi, P. (2008)."Geostrategies of the European Neighbourhood Policy", European Journal of International Relations, 14: 519-551.
[14]. Byman D. (2015). Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement, Oxford press.
[15]. Calandri E. (2009). Il primato sfuggente. L'Europa e l'intervento per lo sviluppo 1957-2000,
[16]. Franco Angeli. Calingaert M. (2018). European Integration Revisited;Progress, Prospects, And U.s. Interests, Routledge, New York.
[17]. Carlsnaes W., Sjursen H., White, B. (2004). Contemporary European Foreign Policy, London, SAGE Publications Ltd.
[18]. Ceccorulli M., Lucarelli S. (2017). Migration and the EU Global Strategy: Narratives and Dilemmas, The International Spectator , Italian Journal of International Affairs, Volume 52, Issue 3.
[19]. Chang F., C. (2011). "European Defence Agency - Motor of Strengthening the EU's Military Capabilities?", in European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 59-87.
[20]. Clausewitz V. (1976). On War, Princeton, N.J.:Princeton University Press.
[21]. Cogan C. (2001). The Third Option: The Emancipation of European Defense, 1989-2000, Westport, CT: Praeger.
[22]. Kier E. (1995). Culture and Military Doctrine: France between the Wars, International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4 , Spring, pp. 65-93.
[23]. Lawrence T., Praks H., Jarvenpaa P. (2017). Building Capacity for the EU Global Strategy, Report, International Centre for Defence and Security.
[24]. Liddell Hart B.H.(1967). The Classic Book on Military Strategy. Strategy, Second Revised Edition, London: Meridian, pp.353-360.
[25]. Legrand J. (2016). Does the new EU Global Strategy deliver on security and defence?, European Parliament, Policy Department, DG EXPO.
[26]. Lijphart A. (1969). Consociational Democracy, World Politics,21,n.2,pp.207-225. Machiavelli N., (1988). The Prince , Cambridge University Press.
[27]. Magone J. (2017). The New World Architecture: The Role of the European Union in the Making of Global Governance, New York, Routledge.
[28]. Malksoo M. (2016). From the ESS to the EU Global Strategy: external policy, internal purpose, Contemporary Security Policy, 37:3, 374- 388, London, Routledge.
[29]. Martill B., Staiger U. (2018). Brexit and Beyond: Rethinking the Futures of Europe, UCL Press.
[30]. Matlary J., H. (2006). When Soft Power Turns Hard: Is an EU Strategic Culture Possible?, Security Dialogue, 37(1),pp. 105-121.
[31]. Mattelaer T.J, A. (2010). The CSDP Mission Planning Process of the European Union: Innovations and Shortfalls, European Integration online Papers, Vol. 14, No. 9.
[32]. Menon A (2011)."European Defence Policy from Lisbon to Libya", Survival, 53:3,75-90.
[33]. Menon A. (2009). Empowering paradise? The ESDP at ten, International Affairs, Volume 85, Issue 2 Pages i-xii, 211-446.
[34]. Menon A. (1995). From Independence to Cooperation: France, NATO and European Security, International Affairs, Vol. 71, No. 1,pp. 19- 34.
[35]. Monten J. (2005). The Roots of the Bush Doctrine: Power, Nationalism, and Democracy Promotion in U.S. Strategy, International Security Volume 29 | Issue 4 |,p.112-156.
[36]. Meyer C., O. (2006). The quest for a European strategic culture : changing norms on security and defence in the European Union, Basingstoke , New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
[37]. Morelli U. (2011). Storia dell'integrazione europea, Milano, Edizioni Angelo Guerini e Associati, pp. 31- 71, pp.74-92.
[38]. Newman E. (2018). The EU Global Strategy in a Transitional International Order,Global Society, Journal, Volume 32, Issue 2.
[39]. Nugent N. (2008). Governo e politiche dell'Unione Europea, Vol.I, il Mulino, pp. 7-135.
[40]. Nugent N. (2008). Governo e politiche dell'Unione Europea, Vol.III, il Mulino, pp. 145-154.
[41]. Piris J., C. (2010). The Lisbon Treaty: A Legal and Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
[42]. Pirozzi N. (2015). The European Union and Civilian Management after Lisbon, European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 20, No. 2, p.287- 306.
[43]. Pirozzi N., Comelli, M. (2013). La Politica Estera dell'Unione Europea dopo Lisbona, Osservatorio di politica internazionale, IAI, n.72-febbraio, pp.7-9.
[44]. Posen B. (1984). Sources of Military Doctrine: France, Britain and Germany between the Wars, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
[45]. Rosa P. (2012). Tra pacifismo e realpolitik, Cultura strategica e politica estera in Italia, Rubbettino Editore.
[46]. Rosen S., P. (1988). New Ways of War: Understanding Military Innovation, The Mit Press, International Security, Vol. 13, No. 1, Summer, pp. 134-168.
[47]. Rynning S. (2003). The European Union: Towards a Strategic Culture?, Security Dialogue, 34(4), pp. 479-496.
[48]. Ruane K. (2000). The Rise and Fall of the European Defence Community, Anglo-American Relations and the Crisis of European Defence 1950- 55, Palgrave Macmillan, pp.4-6 pp.111-199.
[49]. Schutze R.(2015). European Union Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[50]. Smith K. E. (2005). Still 'civilian power EU'? European Foreign Policy Unit Working Paper/1.
[51]. Smith M.,Young R. (2018). The EU and the Global Order: Contingent Liberalism, The International Spectator, Italian Journal of International Affairs, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp. 45-56.
[52]. Strozzi G., Mastroianni, R. (2016). Diritto dell'Unione Europea, Torino, Giappichelli Editore, pp. 31- 46.
[53]. Sun Tzu. (2015). The Art of War ,Project Gutenberg.
[54]. Violakis P. (2018). Europeanisation and the Transformation of EU Security Policy; Post-Cold War Developments in the Common Security and Defence Policy, London, Routledge.
[55]. Telo A. (2006). European: A Civilian Power? European Union, Global Governance, World Order, Palgrave Macmillan.
[56]. Tocci N. (2017). Framing the EU Global Strategy: A Stronger Europe in a Fragile World, Palgrave Macmillan.
[57]. Tocci N.(2017). From the European Security Strategy to the EU Global Strategy: explaining the journey, International Politics, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp. 487-502.
WEB REFERENCES: [1]. retrieved 02/07/2018 at 9 a.m.
[2]. %20AP%20-%20August%202016.pdf. retrieved 02/07/2018 at 10 a.m.
[3]. 01/Report_Trumps_Impact_on_European_Security.pdf. retrieved 02/07/2018 at 11 a.m.
[4]. retrieved 03/07/2018 at 10 a.m.
[5]. retrieved 03/07/2018 at 11 a.m.
[6]. retrieved 04/07/2018 at 2 p.m.
[7]. and-defence_en. retrieved 07/07/2018 at 8 a.m.
[8]. security-and-defence_en.retrieved 07/07/2018 at 10 a.m.
[9]. retrieved 07/07/2018 at 11 a.m.
[10]. retrieved 07/07/2018 at 2 p.m.
[11]. retrieved 16/07/2018 at 5 p.m.
[12]. retrieved 18/07/2018 at 4 p.m.
[13]. retrieved 19/07/2018 at 10 a.m.
[14]. retrieved 19/07/2018 at 11 a.m.
[15]. retrieved 20/07/2018 at 10 a.m.
[16]. perplexed-15441. retrieved 20/07/2018 at 2 p.m.

European Union Global Strategy (EUGS), strategies documents, global security, European migration policy, written discourse/textual analysis

The European Union has become aware of the need for a common foreign and strategic policy due to the current threats facing it which are likely to undermine European peace (as stressed in the first Part of the 2003 Strategic Document). The need for a military policy has also been recognized. Therefore, the European States have realized gradually become aware of the need to establish close cooperation between the Member States by the development and implementation of a common foreign security and defense policy. From 2001 to the present day the threats have grown and become more complex due to technological innovations that have created more dangerous and powerful tools. This research analyzes the New Global Strategy of the European Union drafted by the High Representative Federica Mogherini and published on June 28, 2016 and compares it with the previous strategic documents issued by the European Union from 2003 to 2008. The impact of these strategic documents on the EU evolutionary process of developing a Global Security Policy is analyzed from two viewpoints. A thorough historical analysis reestablishes the factors that led to the birth of the European Union and the still-developing European Global Policy. Then written discourse analysis is implemented to examine the evolution of the various documents leading up to the New Global Strategy. The conclusion that the European foreign, security and defense policy has for some time been a very delicate point for the European Union emerges. This security and defense policy has developed over time, but it still needs revision and upgrading. The EU is still in a development phase. Despite the pressure of terrorism and other global security issues, it lags behind in being able to deal with these challenges. The European Union needs to develop a comprehensive security policy. Since the launch of the EUGS the EU Global Strategy has proven to be the right way to guide the Union's action and sustain its ambition to be a credible power and a reliable partner. The EUGS has demonstrated that a global policy implemented throughout all of the Member States is the only solution to ensure peace and security for all citizens. The EU needs to review the structural blocks that may be preventing the development and implementation of a coherent global security policy. Europe, the 'Old World' has always been slow to wake up to drastic changes and this lack of coherence and timely action is an example.

Download Full Text